The social and environmental costs associated with uranium mining are difficult to predict and regulate. By the time environmental and socio-economic consequences become noticeable, the mines have typically closed, changed ownership or become insolvent and thus cannot be compelled anymore to contribute to the remediation, either financially or through other actions. The trust funds are often substantially inadequate to address environmental impacts.
Dr. Coetzee's presentation shows in graphic form the impact of mining on the West Rand Basin.Â Among the information is the alarming 100 tons of salt discharged, on a daily basis, within the Tweelopiespruit Catchment = five 20 ton trucks of salt a day!
1987: "..problems related to mining waste may be rated as second only to global warming...mining waste can result in profound, generally irreversible destruction of ecosystems"
~ expert assessment from Environmental Protection Agency, 1987
2003: "...the groundwater in the mining district of Johannesburg, South Africa, is heavily contaminated and acidified....The polluted groundwater is discharging into streams in the area and contributes up to 20 % of the stream flow, causing an increase the acidity of the stream water. The effect of the
contaminated water from the mines can persist for more than 10 km beyond the source"
~ Naiker study, 2003 "Acid mine drainage from gold mining activities in Johannesburg, South Africa and environs"
The persistent activism of Mariette Liefferink, the C.E.O. of the Federation for a Sustainable Environment has kept the media attention on the impact of uranium and gold mining on the Wonderfonteinspruit catchment area for a number of years.
CEO of the FSE, mariette Liefferink drafted this narrative report on the work of the Federation in the past year.
The First Annual General Meeting of the FSE was held on 6 September 2008, at the Randfontein Golf and Country Club.
The meeting was formally constituted and chaired by Carin Bosman.
CEO Mariette Liefferink reported on the activities of the FSE in the past year,
The current status with regard to directors was established. It was noted that Carin Bosman has resigned as director but continues to serve as technical advisor for the FSE. Dr. Koos Pretorius, Tony Ferrar, Brand Nthako, Pogiso Bothomane and Mariette Liefferink were re-elected as directors.
The provisional minutes of the meeting may be downloaded here.
The main business of the Federation for a Sustainable Environment is to represent the interests of ordinary people in understanding and defending their constitutional rights, which specifically includeÂ Section 24 of the constitution by having an environment that,
is not harmful to health and well being
is protected for presentÂ future generations, and
by implementing fully the legislation and other measures available to,
prevent pollution and ecological degradation
ensure ecological sustainable development and use of natural resources, and
promote justifiable social and economical development.
And Section 33 of the Constitution by having a procedural process whereby administrative decisions are;
lawful, reasonable andÂ fair to all parties; and
supplies written reasons to adversely affected parties.
To read the full constitution of the FSE, please follow this link. (A word document of about 111kb)
Mariette Liefferink presented "Radiological Impacts, Health Risks and HazardsÂ to Staff and Students of the Crown Mine Art and Music College pertaining to Mine Residue Deposits".
The opening statement of the presentation sets the scene for serious risk to ecosystems, the life sustaining ecological systems on which we rely -
The FSE contributed to the article titled “Caught between a rock and hard place”...
Notification of the Withdrawal of the Application of an Amendment of the Environmental Authorisation and Environmental Management Programme for the Sweet Sensation Sand Mining Operation in Free State
The concerted efforts and submissions to the Department of Mineral Resources and...
FSE - DONATION OF TREES AND TREE PLANTING IN SIMUNYE, WEST RAND IN ASSOCIATION WITH SOUTH DEEP MINE
The FSE, in association with Gold Fields’ South Deep Mine, donated 40 white Karee Trees (Searsia penduline) during Arbor Week to the mining affected community of Simunye in the West Rand and participated in the tree planting ceremony with the community of Simunye, the local Municipality and officials from South Deep Mine. The FSE also delivered a presentation during the ceremony.
Article also available for download as an attachment.
Millions of South Africans are exposed to radioactive radon gas in their homes and workplaces every day, as the naturally occurring gas escapes through cracks in the earth. The second leading cause of lung cancer in several countries, radon breaks down and when inhaled, decaying atoms emit alpha radiation that can damage the DNA. There are no safe levels of radon concentration. The United States Environmental Protection Agency emphasises any radon exposure has some risk of causing lung cancer. Carte Blanche investigates why South Africa has no regulations to protect against radon accumulation in the home and what you can do to test your home and prevent lung cancer. Watch the video here.
Economics & Finance Courses at the University of the Witwatersrand. Mining for Development: The Taxation Linkage - Understand taxation for development and sustainability in mining. View the course here. Enrolment starts on the 7th of October 2019.
Attached documents:1. DWS Eutrophication SA & GA PSC 1 BID2. PSC 1 Meeting A...
Toxic green algae in the Vaal River is caused by eutrophication, which harms wat...